The Computer Technology (CT) program has been developed to provide coaching within the ideas underlying the design of recent laptop systems. A joint project of England’s Manchester University, Ferranti Computers, and Plessey, Atlas comes on-line 9 years after Manchester’s pc lab begins exploring transistor technology. Atlas was the quickest computer on the planet at the time and launched the idea of virtual memory,” that is, using a disk or drum as an extension of fundamental reminiscence. System management was supplied by the Atlas Supervisor, which some take into account to be the primary true operating system.