Deep studying accelerators such as GPUs, FPGAs, and more not too long ago TPUs. An inspiring summer season college on computing on the College of Pennsylvania´s Moore School of Electrical Engineering stimulates building of saved-program computer systems at universities and research establishments in the US, France, the UK, and Germany. Among the many lecturers were early laptop designers like John von Neumann, Howard Aiken, J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, as well as mathematicians including Derrick Lehmer, George Stibitz, and Douglas Hartree. College students included future computing pioneers equivalent to Maurice Wilkes, Claude Shannon, David Rees, and Jay Forrester. This free, public set of lectures impressed the EDSAC, BINAC, and, later, IAS machine clones just like the AVIDAC.